jueves, 13 de septiembre de 2012

Inequality Bulletin


When do people become adults? The Uruguayan case

Victimización y justicia por mano propia en Uruguay

Victimización y justicia por mano propia en Uruguay

Maximo RossiUniversidad del Uruguay - Departamento de Economía (dECON)
Fernando BorrazUniversidad de la Republica
Cecilia ChouhyUniversidad de la Republica


This article analyzes the attitude of the Uruguayans towards the subjection to the law in the prosecution and punishment of offenders. Specifically, it addresses the approval of people taking justice into their own hands and justification for police action outside the law when capturing delinquents. The LAPOP database (Latin American Public Opinion Project, Vanderbilt University) conducted in 2008 is used for this purpose. Analyzing probit estimates, it is observed that the justification of people taking justice into their own hand is related to the respondent’s experience and situation. Having been victimized in recent months, feeling unsafe in their neighborhood and considering their economic situation as not good, increases the probability of assuming such position. On the other hand, adherence to police procedures is related to individual’s philosophical and political beliefs. This finding indicates that the formation of such attitudes has a differential dynamic and that Uruguayans, when justifying actions outside the law, consider the type of action and the actor involved.

Suggested Citation

Maximo Rossi, Fernando Borraz, and Cecilia Chouhy. 2012. "Victimización y justicia por mano propia en Uruguay" dECON-Working Papers
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/maximo_rossi/56

Central and South America Issue date: 2012-09-09


Central and South America Issue date: 2012-09-09 
Thursday, September 13, 2012

NEP: New Economics Papers
Central and South America

Edited by: Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la Republica
Issue date: 2012-09-09
Papers: 13
Note: Access to full contents may be restricted. 
NEP is sponsored by SUNY Oswego.
To subscribe/unsubscribe follow this link http://lists.repec.org/mailman/options/nep-lam
In this issue we have:

Latin American Exchange Rate Dependencies: A Regular Vine Copula Approach
Rubén Albeiro Loaiza Maya; Luis Fernando Melo Velandia

FDI and Income Inequality - Evidence from Latin American Economies
Dierk Herzer; Philipp Hühne; Peter Nunnenkamp

Michael Carter; John Morrow

Spillovers from Conditional Cash Transfer Programs:Bolsa Família and Crime in Urban Brazil
Laura Chioda; João Manoel Pinho de Mello; Rodrigo R. Soares

La negociación salarial en Uruguay: un modelo para analizar sus efectos
Ivone Perazzo

Ethnic Groups and Anthropometric Differences in Colombia
karina Acosta; Adolfo Meisel

Diego Felipe Gutiérrez Bedoya

Wages and Informality in Developing Countries
Costas Meghir; Renata Narita; Jean-Marc Robin

The Welfare Cost of Homicides in Brazil: Accounting for Heterogeneity in the Willingness to Pay for Mortality Reductions
Daniel R.C. Cerqueira; Rodrigo R. Soares

Targeting the Poor: A Macroeconomic Analysis of Cash Transfer Programs
Eduardo Zilberman; Tiago Berriel

Decentralization of Health and Education in Developing Countries: A Quality-Adjusted Review of the Empirical Literature
Anila Channa; Jean-Paul Faguet

Water Scarcity and Birth Outcomes in the Brazilian Semiarid
Rudi Rocha; Rodrigo R. Soares

Does workers’ control affect firm survival? Evidence from Uruguay
Gabriel Burdin

Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty 2012-09-09

miércoles, 12 de septiembre de 2012

CEQ: Commitment to Equity

CEQ: Commitment to Equity
http://cipr.tulane.edu/pages/detail/238/Commitment-to-EquityA Diagnostic Framework to Assess Governments’ Fiscal Policies
Director: Nora Lustig, Samuel Z. Stone Professor of Latin American Economics, Tulane University; and Non-resident Fellow, Center for Global Development and Inter-American Dialogue.
What is CEQ?
The Commitment to Equity (CEQ) project is designed to assess the progressivity of social spending and taxes, their impact on poverty reduction, and their redistributive effects. It does this through a comprehensive incidence analysis and a diagnostic framework. The incidence analysis addresses the following three questions: How much redistribution and poverty reduction does a country accomplish through social spending and taxes? How progressive are revenue collection and social spending? What could be done to further increase redistribution and improve re-distributional effectiveness? CEQ is the first framework to comprehensively assess the tax and benefits system in developing countries and to make the assessment comparable across countries and over time. Initially, CEQhas focused on Latin America.
The comprehensive incidence analysis measures how each component of the tax and benefit system is distributed and the overall impact of taxes and benefits on an array of poverty and inequality indicators. It also calculates effectiveness indicators, progressivity indicators, incidence by decile, coverage and leakages by program, and a probit analysis of the probability of remaining poor after direct transfers.
The diagnostic framework is designed to assess how aligned fiscal policies are with supporting a minimum living standard and human capital accumulation, as well as with reducing inequality. The objective is to evaluate efforts based on whether governments: i. collect and allocate enough resources to support a minimum living standard for all; ii. collect and distribute resources equitably; iii. ensure that spending is fiscally sustainable and that programs are of good quality and incentive compatible; iv. collect and publish relevant information, as well as are subject to independent evaluations.
Led by Nora Lustig and Peter Hakim CEQ/Latin America is a joint project of the Inter-American Dialogue (IAD) and Tulane University’s Center for Inter-American Policy and Research (CIPR) and Department of Economics. The project has received financial support from the Canadian International Development Agency, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the United Nations Development Programme’s Regional Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, and the General Electric Foundation.
Working Papers
Declining Inequality in Latin America in the 2000s: The Cases of Argentina, Brazil and Mexico
Nora Lustig, Luis F. Lopez-Calva and Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez
July 16, 2012
The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico and Peru: A Synthesis of Results
Nora Lustig, George Gray-Molina, Sean Higgins, Miguel Jaramillo, Wilson Jiménez, Veronica Paz, Claudiney Pereira, Carola Pessino, John Scott and Ernesto Yañez
Department of Economics Working Paper 1216 — August 2012
Social Spending, Taxes and Income Redistribution in Uruguay
Marisa Bucheli, Nora Lustig, Maximo Rossi and Florencia Amábile
August 31, 2012

martes, 11 de septiembre de 2012

Recursos naturales y desarrollo rural

Este libro reúne las investigaciones asociadas a tres ponencias presentadas en el Seminario “Recursos naturales y desarrollo rural en el Perú (1980-2010)”, realizado en Lima en noviembre del 2010, actividad que constituyó la principal celebración del Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE) por sus 30 años de labor académica profesional.  Para organizarlo se contó con el apoyo del Instituto de Educación Internacional y del Centro Internacional de Investigaciones para el Desarrollo (IDRC). Este evento fue uno de los tres seminarios llevados a cabo en ocho días de trabajo que tuvieron lugar en distintas fechas y con la asistencia de un público muy diverso de funcionarios, académicos, estudiantes y representantes de la sociedad civil.

Autores: Javier Escobal, Carmen Ponce, Gerardo Damonte y Manuel Glave. 2012

Haga click en el vínculo para descargarlo http://www.grade.org.pe/publicaciones/detalle/1110

"Improving Education in Developing Countries: Lessons and Questions”

‎"Improving Education in Developing Countries: Lessons and Questions” Richard Murnane (Harvard University). 6th Annual Meeting of the Impact Evaluation Network. September 20th. Graduate School of Education. Harvard University 


jueves, 6 de septiembre de 2012

Trayectorias desiguales: polarización y segregación en la distribución del ingreso en el Perú


What’s happening with El Salvador’s CCT programmes?

 What’s happening with El Salvador’s CCT programmes?, Fábio Veras Soares describes the changes that took place during the transition from Red Solidaria toComunidades Solidarias Rurales and summarizes the major recommendations that came out in a recent workshop that took place in San Salvador to discuss the redesign of the programme.

Regression Discontinuity Impacts with an Implicit Index: Evaluating El Salvador’s Comunidades Solidarias Rurales Transfer Programme

 Regression Discontinuity Impacts with an Implicit Index: Evaluating El Salvador’s Comunidades Solidarias Rurales Transfer Programme, Alan de Brauw explains the evaluation strategy developed to rigorously evaluate the programme. He also reports on the programme’s impact on education and maternal health indicators (click here for the Spanish version)

No Child Left Without: A Universal Benefit for Children in Brazil

No Child Left Without: A Universal Benefit for Children in Brazil, Sergei Soares and Pedro Ferreira analyse the current system of child benefits in Brazil, which features components similar to the Argentinean ones: a deduction per dependant in income tax, a contributory family allowance for formal sector workers and the variable benefit of Bolsa Família. Soares and Ferreira show how policy fragmentation in the current system leaves 16 million children that are in the middle and in the lower tail of the income distribution without coverage. The best way to improve the system, they claim, is to merge the three programmes and extend coverage to all children. The authors also discuss the additional costs of the programme for different level of benefits and its impacts on child poverty and inequality (click here for the Spanish version)
In addition to the five PRB described above, we also present two One Pagers (OP) that look at the Conditional Cash Transfer of El Salvador, Comunidades Solidarias Rurales (Solidarity Rural Communities).

Monetary Transfers for Children and Adolescents in Argentina: Characteristics and Coverage of a “System” with Three Components

Monetary Transfers for Children and Adolescents in Argentina: Characteristics and Coverage of a “System” with Three Components, Fabio Bertranou and Roxana Maurizio analyse the incidence of the three programmes that give benefits to families with children in Argentina: the income tax deduction per child, the contributory family allowance and the Universal Child Allowance. The latter was established in 2009 and took on the role previously paid by the Heads of Household and the Families programme (Plan Jefes y Jefas y el Plan Familias). This programme faces a number of challenges. For Bertranou and Maurizio closing the gaps in coverage and to having a unified system for the child-related transfers as part of a broader policy for children and teenagers is essential (clickhere for the Spanish version)

The Expansion of Non-Contributory Transfer in Uruguay

 The Expansion of Non-Contributory Transfer in Uruguay, Verónica Amarante and Andrea Vigorito describe the implementation of the National Assistance Plan of Social Emergency (Plan de Atención Nacional a la Emergencia Social, PANES) between 2005 and 2007 and summarize its socioeconomic impacts. They also analyse the transition from PANES to Plan Equidad (Equity Plan), placing particular emphasis on the reform of Family Allowances (AFAM) that unifies the targeted two-tier system (social security versus social assistance) for the provision of cash benefits to households with children. The results show a substantial increase of coverage, especially for those at the lower end of the income distribution ( click here for the Spanish version)

Social Protection in Ecuador: A New Vision for Inclusive Growth

Social Protection in Ecuador: A New Vision for Inclusive Growth, Ryan Nehring explores the scope and the role of Ecuador’s social development project with a focus on the role of its non-contributory cash transfer schemes.  Nehring describes the main characteristics of the schemes and highlights some of the challenges around the institutional coordination mechanisms which he suggests may have significant implications for the effectiveness of the social protection network and its linkages with the National Development Plan (Buen Vivir).

The Expansion of Cash Transfers in Chile and its Challenges: Ethical Family Income,

The Expansion of Cash Transfers in Chile and its Challenges: Ethical Family Income, Simone Cecchini, Claudia Robles and Luis Hernán Vargas discuss the various innovations that the new Ethical Family Income (Ingreso Ético Familiar) programme brings with regards to the well-known Chile Solidario. The authors focus on the significant expansion in the amounts and types of cash transfers (unconditional and conditional) which are now organized under the three fundamental pillars of dignity, duties and achievements. They also discuss the new emphasis placed on enhancing the household’s income generation capacities. This critical shift, they note, entails new forms of labour market support and employment subsidies to increase women’s labour force participation in a country which otherwise has one of the lowest rates in the region.  (click here for the Spanish version)