lunes, 12 de marzo de 2012

The Effects of Gender Quotas in Latin American National Elections

By:Kotsadam, Andreas (Dept of Economics, University of Oslo)
Nerman, Måns (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)
This study investigates the effects of gender quotas in national elections on political participation, public policy, and corruption in Latin America. We are able to replicate the findings from previous research that women in politics do affect these outcomes, but only when we treat the number of women in parliament as exogenous. We argue, however, that the introduction of gender quotas caused an – in this context – exogenous increase in women’s representation, and while we find that quotas in Latin America increased the number of women in parliament, we find no substantial effects beyond mere representation. The mechanisms for these findings are scrutinized, and we find no indications that quota women are more marginalized than other elected women in Latin American parliaments. Hence, increasing women’s representation by means of gender quotas may not result in the same outcomes as an increased representation in non-quota elections.<p>
Keywords:gender quotas; Latin America; women in parliament

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