jueves, 5 de enero de 2012

Desarrollo de la infraestructura y reducción de la pobreza: el caso peruano



By:Carlos Aparicio (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico y Consorcio de Investigación Económica y Social)
Miguel A. Jaramillo (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico y Consorcio de Investigación Económica y Social)
Cristina San Román (Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico y Consorcio de Investigación Económica y Social)
URL:http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pai:wpaper:11-00&r=lam
In recent years, economic growth and the development of social programs have contributed significantly to poverty reduction in Peru. In this process, the development of infrastructure has been very important in reducing the long term vulnerability of households.This paper examines the role of infrastructure in reducing poverty in households in Peru within a dynamic perspective of poverty and under an asset-based approach. To do this, we estimate Logit models to reflect the impact of different types of infrastructure on the likelihood of being poor in Peru. We also estimate static panel data models (fixed and random effects) to reflect the impact of the different types of infrastructure on the spending ofPeruvian households. Both groups of models are based on information at the household level for the years 2007-2010 from the Peruvian official household survey provided by INEI. These impacts are estimated considering the sex of the household head and the area of residence(urban or rural). For static panel data models, we estimate the impact of the different types of infrastructure on household spending distinguishing whether they are transient poor or chronically poor. Given the data constraints at the household level in Peru, we only analyze the following infrastructures throughout the document: water, sewage, electricity and telecommunications. From the results, we verify a significant and different impact of the various types of infrastructure on poverty according to the area of residence and the gender of the household head. Similarly, we verify a significant and different impact of infrastructure on the types of poverty (transient and chronic poverty).
Keywords:Infraestructura, pobreza, ingresos, enfoque de activos, dinámica de la pobreza.

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